World Archery has a zero-tolerance policy on cheating, which is defined by someone acting dishonestly or unfairly to gain an advantage. This applies to doping, competition manipulation and any other action that goes against the principles of fair play and the Olympic values.

Archery is not a sport that is associated with cheating, but athletes and officials should stay vigilant nonetheless.

Any suspicious activity linked to doping should be reported through the World Anti-Doping Agency’s SpeakUp! platform. Other forms of competition manipulation should be reported through the International Olympic Committee’s integrity hotline.

There are two main types of cheating: one in which an athlete or official tries to manipulate competition, changing its outcome for sporting gain, and another in which an individual manipulates a competition for someone’s financial gain.

Cheating in archery

Occurrences of cheating are not common at international archery competitions. Scoring is done by a group of athletes or officials in public, equipment is checked regularly, doping is not prevalent and few events are subject to betting. It is the responsibility of everyone involved in the sport to ensure it remains this way.

Archers should stay vigilant during scoring, checking both the target and the scoresheet, to ensure scores are not manipulated accidentally or on purpose by calling or inputting the wrong arrow value. Any value change must be signed by archers or a judge, depending on the competition.

Archers should ensure their equipment complies with the rules as it is checked by a judge before the start of an event, with additional spot checks during competition when necessary, and report any suspicious equipment.

Archers should educate themselves on anti-doping rules, which are found in the World Archery Rulebook, including the prohibited substances list. Random doping tests are carried out at all international events.

Doping

World Archery is committed to the fight against doping and keeping archery clean.

The federation is a signatory to the World Anti-Doping Code and its list of prohibited substances in and out of competition, which is updated by the World Anti-Doping Agency every year. In addition, alcohol remains a banned substance in the sport of archery. International archery’s anti-doping rules are found in the World Archery Rulebook.

Athletes who take prescribed medications that contain substances on the prohibited list can apply for a therapeutic use exemption.

The International Testing Agency runs World Archery’s anti-doping programme.

Read more about anti-doping and clean sport.

Competition manipulation

The term competition manipulation refers to cheating in order to change the outcome of a competition for financial gain, which is also known as match-fixing, and an athlete losing or underperforming on purpose in order to gain an advantage later in the competition, which is also known as tanking or sandboxing.

Due to the transparent nature of the sport and its international competition formats, competition manipulation is difficult and not considered a common occurence.

Betting

Athletes, officials, organisers and any related persons are not allowed to bet on a sport or competition in which they are involved.

For example, an archer cannot bet on the outcome of a world championships that they will attend. They also cannot bet on the outcome of another sport at the Olympic Games in which they will compete.

Athletes and officials must keep exclusive information such as tactics or injuries, which are not in the public domain, private to prevent this information from being used to gain an unfair advantage, known as insider information, and fraudulent betting practises.